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Treatment of lip and palate

Treatment of lip and palate

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In Hungary, two out of every 1,000 newborns are born with lip, chin and palate splints every year. Thus, this abnormality is the second most common congenital malformation after heart-related abnormalities.

Occurrence, causes

The reasons for the formation of archasadays in the details are still unknown. According to the most accepted scientific commentary of our time the combination of existing predisposition and adverse effects of the world is responsible for the development of archaealogy. Harmful components have an influence in the range of about 15-30 percent. This is the reason why the affected families are more likely to re-enter the archasad. It is important to emphasize, however, that preventive methods are known that can significantly reduce the repetitive behavior of archasads in affected families.
During the arch-dysfunctional abnormality, we are interpreting liposuction, lip-bone and palpebral continuity, or, quite literally, splits. Individual abdominal shapes develop as a result of inadequate fusion of the initial facial features in the early stages of pregnancy. Numerous clefts and their various combinations are known. Common condition of the most common lip, shinbone and palate.


Initially, breastfeeding and nutrition of babies born with archasads are the biggest problem. However, with the patience, the proper knowledge, the support of the professionals and the careful attention, this problem can be overcome.


The management of archasadays is based on their surgical closure. The purpose of the treatment for children is to be able to speak correctly when they reach the fifth year of lifeand barely a scar on the lip to "distinguish" them from wholesome beginnings, so their schooling is as smooth as possible. This presupposes that treatment begins after birth and continues thereafter. The basis for success is that parents accept it, and most of the problems cannot be solved with a single operation.

You have to start surgery at a few months old

We should be aware that a child's disorder affects so many areas that there is a need for sustained co-ordination among physicians in several areas for successful treatment. The healing team typically consists of pediatricians, nursing advice, oral health, dental surgeons, pediatric otolaryngologists and speech therapists.


It is important to emphasize that they are archaic children against the frightening fissures of fissures "nothing is missing". The skin and the mucous membrane, apart from lack of continuity, are given to all bony structures, only the adhesion and running of the muscles is abnormal. For this reason, liberating the muscles and correctly rebuilding the appropriate anatomical structures are the primary goals of the abdominal cavity.
Today's modern surgical concepts have, in most cases, sealed the lip and the palate of the palate (as well as hard) at the end of the child's first year of life, ensuring a harmonious development of the face and a smooth appearance.
The first intervention is to close the lips. The timing of this is primarily determined by the child's development, usually at 3 to 6 months of age. Closure of the palpebral fissure usually occurs at the time of the onset of the child's sound training, at the age of one year. Very rarely, despite careful surgery and subsequent periodic speech therapy, there may be phonetic and speech disorders that remain until the child reaches the age of three. The closure of the femur fractures is the last in the row.
Mostly the child is killed between the ages of 8 and 12, depending on the development of the teeth, which are always located next to the fissures. Therefore, the time of the intervention is determined by the dental practitioner performing the orthodontic treatment and the surgical wound. During surgery, dental floss can be interrupted by bone implantation removed from the tibia between the teeth. The result of the filling can be obtained by creating a standard denture. When the lip, tibial and palpebral fissures are coexisted, the above operations are literally combined.

Dental and orthodontic treatment

Archaic children require increased dental care. One thing is, because the enamel of the teeth next to the fractures is more frequently altered, the teeth can often grow in the wrong direction or in the wrong place, which necessitates a toothed treatment. The main period of dental treatment begins with the appearance of permanent teeth, which are usually continuous until the child grows. For this purpose, removable or tooth-mounted permanent dentures are used. Its aim is to develop regular and well-fitting dentures and to promote harmonious development of the face.

Manage the center

The central vent lumen is adjacent to the airway and, when swallowing, extends to the palate. In the case of cleft palate, due to the malfunctioning of the muscles, the opening of the foot and its function of pressure equalization and ventilation are impaired. This often leads to the development of chronic otitis media.
Persistent and untreated central inflammation can cause permanent hearing loss. For this reason, besides the closure of the palpebral fissures, continuous care of the child's nose and throat is of particular importance. As a result, the ear nose nozzle inserts a vent tube into the ear to provide fluid flow and ventilation to the ear. Following closure, the palpebral fibrils regularly inspect the tubule and center until the ventilator is restored.

Speech therapy

Speech therapy is a key part of the complex treatment of archaic children. Ideally, surgeries completely restore normal anatomical conditions the voice, nose and mouth responsible for voice and speech. Thereafter, the child should learn and practice the proper functioning of the functions, which can be achieved through professional and continuous (often multi-annual) speech therapy. Split through time, successful surgical closure, and regular speech therapy, you can achieve age-appropriate speech.


Due to the complexity of the abnormality, the ideal development of children born with archasaddies is the regular rupture of the child up to the age of 18. Such a special order, in the presence of all the professionals involved in the care, enables them to decide jointly on the subsequent treatment of the child or to provide additional follow-up care.
The first association created in Hungary to support those suffering from archaic rainbow disorder is "Smile at me!".
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